There are certain things that we cannot see them if we do not (an not) take the right viewpoint. One of such is a cast system observed by a western (progressivist) mind. If a progressivist (viewpoint) observes a phenomenon that is a part of non-progressivist (conservative) culture, he sees casts arranged vertically while seen from within the conservative cast culture they are aligned horizontally.
Western mind understands each and any system as an arrangement that tends to arrange from bottom to top, top being the ultimate goal. A poor beggar can develop into a president; a receptionist strives to become a CEO of the company; older woman is frustrated of not being young any more. These are all symptoms of western mind that puts ideal outside its horizon. A displaced Christian God is an example of this as well as understanding a human as the species on the top of all species. We westerners do intrinsically believe that amoeba developed into human over millions of years. We do believe that there is a quest for each and every species to develop over time to the level of a human as if the level of the human was something on the top in comparison to all other levels. We cannot understand that amoeba developed in millions of years exactly to the point of being “a better” amoeba as it was millions of years ago. Should amoeba really strive to become a man, there would be no amoebas any more. “Better amoeba” means amoeba adapted to all changes in environment including the latest arrival of a man.
Do I want to say that casts are like species? Do I want to say that within a species of humans there are barriers like between a bird and a reptile?
Yes and no.
Like there are subtle connections between phenotype and extended phenotype; like I can say that my cell phone memory is an extended phenotype of my brains; we should understand that all borders are lying on borderline. There are BORDERS, there are Borders and there are borders. The phenotype border between my brains and my cellphone capacity is much smaller than the border between yours and mine cell phone. The natural border between two species is of course more difficult to trespass (inbreeding is rare and seldom produces something that can adapt to environment), but that does not mean that there are no borders between casts. The fact that interbreeding between casts is quite common and largely effective does not mean that there are no borders.
But what is more important is that immediately when borders between casts are understood as a gravity, as a property of nature, such borders cease to represent something bad, something that one has to trespass should he act as a free man. Gravity is not a burden. Without gravity we cannot jump, we cannot drive a car and and our bodies cannot evolve and develop without gravity. Casts play similar role in evolution. I cannot be a good consultant if I feel and act as a banker at the same time. I have to develop myself (identity) within the borders of consultancy should I want to be a good consultant. If there is a need for a good car-wash specialist and not for a consultant, then car-wash specialist is much higher on a rank than, me as a consultant. Meaning: there are no higher or lower ranks (casts) in a society. There are only needed and less needed ranks/professions/casts. Car-wash specialist would fail (not adapt well to environment) should he strive to be a consultant or a banker, should he strive to go “up”; because there is no “up”. All casts are on the same horizontal line. There were few of them 10.000 years ago, and there are hundreds now. Horizontal. Each is equally important for a human species, as brains are no more important for a human than livers and in the brain frontal cortex is no more important than thalamus and neuron is no more important than neurotransmitter.
I do not pretend not to see the logic of cast systems even in societies that declare as democratic anti.cast societies.
We know from theory of evolution and practice of evolution that borderline crossings happen all the time. If there are no such crossings, cush ecosystem freezes since it cannot adapt to changes in environment and this slowly passes away. If there are too many crossings, such ecosystem cannot stabilize it’s mutations (like in a cancer), becomes chaotic and dies even faster. To find evolutionary stable strategy (ESS) regarding such mutations (borderline crossings) is the “goal” of each ecosystem. (We know that there are no goals in evolution.) There is a need of “fresh blood” (mutation) in each cast, but too many mutations do not allow such a cast to develop a stable “know how” of it’s cast.
I can develop myself in a pretty good consultant being a son of a father and a mother coming from a different cast, but I could have been much better should my mental, tactile and know-how knowledge rest on a pile of consultants family meme-complex bed. It is not the best evolutionary strategy for any ecosystem to have individuals to select their role (cast) in that ecosystem after they reach the highest point in their mental and physical potential. A cell in a tumor feels extremely good, but that feeling is not shared by the body that hosts such cell. Likewise an individual that has a freedom to choose whatever casts feels good. But from an evolutionary point of view a society (ecosystem) that has stronger barriers between casts is much more evolutionarily stable than the one that allows individuals to breach barriers at a personal will.
So: casts are beneficial if understood conservatively.
And what happens to individual freedoms in such conservative society? They are hampered from western point of view but not from conservative one. On the contrary: it is only within conservative system that liberal values can come in full power. But more on that issue in other posts.