It often happens that certain politicians do not resign because of, or are not affected by formal corruption allegations. Sometimes it seems as if the environment that surrounds them works as a kind of protecting shield against obvious and formalized accusations of corruption. One could get a feeling as if a body (environment) is subconsciously preventing the expulsion of rotten element (politician) regardless the formal evidence that this element is rotten and apparently harmful for this body. How come?
The apparent paradox comes from a quite common mistake understanding formalized code of democracy (constitution, laws, bylaws …) as the totality of democracy. The mistake coming from such preposition is the same as is to say that life can be explained by codified DNA double helix; better said: as if life itself could be codified. Although life does not belong to any mystical realm, life itself cannot be codified. Democracy cannot be codified as well.
Life (and democracy) is to be understood as a photon that is both a particle and a wave. So long as light was understood as wave only or matter only, the comprehension of light was entrapped in the same paradox as now-days when democracy is understood either as a formalized code or as a free expression of human beings.
We should be a bit more exact regarding the topology of democracy. We should not understand it as existing both in the realm of digitalized formal procedure and in realm of analogue human “free will instinct”, but as a possibility that oscillates (like wave) around codified matter (law). The topology of democracy belongs to uncertainty principle in the same way like the position of a particle (electron for example) is always a possibility between speed and position. More than you define position, less you know about the speed; and vice versa. More than you stick to codified role of law, less there is space for x factor of life. More than you stick to x factor of life, less there is a room for a rule of law.
It is thus quite simple to put down an evolutionary formula of democracy:
This is famous Feynman formula of quantum probability amplitudes. Not going deeper in QED we could state that Probability of Democracy (P) is a multiplication of amplitudes, where v represents formalized set of rules (material) and w informal set (wave).
Why do we not define x factor (of life)? Because it is a P. You cannot quantify it. Whenever we try to quantify x factor (and human history is in fact a history of compilation of such quantifications), it ceases to be a x factor and becomes either v or w, either formalized (infertile) set of rules or unmanageable subjective “feeling”. Formula tells us that democracy grows with both dimensions that are in fact not reducible one to another.
Back to initial story, we now understand better why a social body sometimes does not expel a formally accused rotten element. Such a body acts according to previously explained democracy formula; such a body intuitively understand that the best evolutionary strategy (to survive) is not to stick to formal rules (only), but that such a strategy should oscillate somewhere around the limits of formalized rule of law. That is why we say that democracy is never achieved, but can only be oscillated.
The intriguing part of this oscillation (and it goes for each and every life x factor) is, that it can be only proven for the past, and never for the future. And the only proof is survival of the body (community, city, state, civilization…). A G.F Hegel sad with the quote of the owl of Minerva: Philosophy always arrives too late to do any such teaching. Evolutionary survival can be proven only by the survival itself; the evolutionary stable strategy (ESS) is only proven by survival of the body that executes the strategy.